overhead view of Spring Green WI

The Agriculture Water Quality Program delivers educational content for farmers, crop advisors and conservation professionals on the relationships between ag production practices and water quality outcomes.

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Water Quality Monitoring Station in the Winter

Discovery Farms- Rock County Monitoring Report

In 2014, the University of Wisconsin-Madison Division of Extension Discovery Farms began a multi-year monitoring study on two farms (four basins) within Rock County to determine how different cropping systems and management practices impact surface water quality.

A tractor pulls a wagon spreading manure across a field covered with snow

Save money and get cleaner water by correctly utilizing manure

A common misconception about livestock manure is that it is simply a waste product of the farm. However, manure is rich in many nutrients and is a valuable resource when applied back onto fields that can benefit from manure application. Research has demonstrated positive impacts to soil quality/health, crop production, and overall farm management when manure is managed effectively.

Diagram of Grade Stabilization Structure (GSS)

Conservation benefits of a grade stabilization structure 

A grade stabilization structure is a conservation tool that can effectively reduce the amount of sediment, phosphorus, and nitrogen entering nearby streams. Farmers interested in using soil and water conservation practices to reduce soil and nutrient loss from their fields—particularly fields on steep slopes—should consider installing one.

Sinkhole from karst

Best Management Practices to Use on Karst and Silurian Soil

Karst topography and Silurian bedrock are areas that are more susceptible to water contamination due to shallow soils and increased number direct conduits to groundwater, such as sinkholes. When farming in these areas, and especially spreading manure, it is important to follow all rules and regulations.

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